In response to the People’s Republic of China’s (China) military modernization efforts, military-civil fusion strategy, and expansion of its nuclear forces, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is amending the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding additional nuclear nonproliferation controls on China and Macau. This change specifically applies to items controlled for Nuclear Nonproliferation (NP) column 2 reasons for control.
Although China is a NSG member country, it is not listed in Country Group A:4 (supplement no. 1 to part 740). Accordingly, a license is required, as specified on the Commerce Country Chart (supplement no. 1 to part 738), for items controlled for NP1 reasons to China. Likewise, a license is required for items controlled for NP1 reasons to Macau, a special administrative region of China. Prior to this rule, neither China nor Macau were subject to NP2 reasons for control. However, pursuant to § 744.21, some items controlled for NP2 reasons and listed in supplement no. 2 to part 744 require a license when destined to a `military end use’ or a `military end user’ in China.
This final rule applies NP2 reasons for control to China and Macau in the Commerce Country Chart (supplement no. 1 to part 738). This imposes a license requirement for NP2 controlled items destined for China or Macau.
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